Passenger / Light Duty Vehicle Inspection Standard
Summary of Changes Effective July 1, 2016
Effective July 1, 2016, licensed Motor Vehicle Inspection Stations will be required to use the Passenger/Light-Duty Vehicle Inspection Standard for vehicles that require a safety standards certificate. The Ministry of Transportation in conjunction with Automotive Aftermarket Retailers of Ontario (AARO) will be conducting information sessions across the province to introduce the Passenger/Light-Duty Vehicle Inspection Standard and the regulation changes. For information and to register for a session near you, please visit the AARO website.
These are free public information sessions, registration is required
An AARO membership is not required
These sessions will address the Passenger/Light-Duty Vehicle Inspection changes only
This is a summary of major changes that come into effect on July 1, 2016 – please refer to the Passenger / Light Duty Vehicle Inspection Standard for the full description of inspection criteria.
Technicians must complete the vehicle inspection in accordance with the full Passenger / Light Duty Vehicle Inspection Standard referenced in Ontario Regulation 611.
Section 1 – Powertrain
New requirements have been added to the powertrain system, including: accelerator pedal, throttle actuator, exhaust system, drive shaft, differential, clutch, clutch pedal, engine and transmission mounts, gear shifter/ selector and position indicator, drive belt pulley, electric and hybrid electric powertrain, gasoline and diesel fuel systems, and compressed natural gas and propane fuel systems.
Section 2 – Suspension
There are new ride height, bushing, and shock / strut requirements. There are also new requirements for air suspension components and suspension system travel.
Section 3 – Brakes
There are new requirements to measure and record the dimensions of brake components including drum, rotor and brake lining.
There is a better distinction between various types of brake systems — the criteria are now more closely aligned with the specific requirements for each of the various system types. (e.g. vacuum assist, hydraulic assist, air assist).
There are new requirements for Anti-lock Brake System (ABS).
Electronic Stability Control (ESC) systems are now required for light duty vehicles manufactured on or after September 1, 2011. The system must function as intended for those vehicles that require the system.
Section 4 – Steering
Rack and pinion steering system requirements, including associated parts (boot, bellows, clamps) have been added in addition to those for recirculating ball type.
New requirements for upper strut bearings, steering dampener, tilt/telescopic hardware, remote steering systems, hydraulic power steering system pump and associated components and minimum parts quality and maximum leakage requirements have been introduced.
Steering lash requirements have been simplified.
Section 5 – Instruments and Auxiliary Equipment
New requirements have been added for horn switch, speedometer, odometer, windshield wiper.
Limits on coolant leakage from all heaters and fuel leakage from auxiliary heaters were added.
Section 6 – Lamps
Lighting requirements have been changed to incorporate the lighting equipment required by the federal safety standard at the time the vehicle was new.
Section 7 – Electrical
The revised section provides requirements for vehicle wiring.
Requirements for the vehicle’s battery are provided. Battery, posts, connections, mounts, and covers must be tight and free from corrosion, deterioration, or evidence of burning. All equipment must be secure, comprised of OEM-quality components, and in good condition.
Section 8 – Body
Specific requirements have been introduced to deal with a loss of structural integrity of cab, cargo or passenger body, frame or sub-frame, tailgate, bumper, seats and seat belts due to specified weaknesses, deficiencies, damage, seizure, wear, loss of components or material or improper repair procedures.
New requirement to inspect equipment, latches, handles, door openers, hinges and other devices attached to the vehicle. All equipment must be in good working condition, not be missing, nor present an unsafe or hazardous condition to individuals who may be exposed to the vehicle.
New requirement to inspect the entire area of the windshield swept by either the driver’s or passenger’s side wiper, with limits specified.
Window tint requirements are part of the new standard.
Occupant protection systems required by federal law must now be tested for functionality via the vehicle telltale diagnostic lamp. The system check includes, when originally equipped, air bags, seatbelt pre-tensioners, and side air bag curtains.
Section 9 – Tire and Wheel
The new requirement fails a tire if any single point on a tire’s tread is below the minimum.
The minimum required tread depth has increased.
No mixing of radial with other tire construction types (such as bias ply) is permitted.
The use of wheel spacers is now prohibited, although adaptors are permitted if they are in good mechanical condition.
Section 10 – Coupling Devices
Clearer distinctions between various types of hitch systems with more complete criteria aligned with specific requirements for each hitch type.
Section 11 – Road Test
A section has been added to the Standard to capture the elements that should be inspected and recorded during a road test of the vehicle including: tell-tales, shock absorber functionality, odometer, steering, etc.
An inspection report must be provided to the consumer, noting important information about the results of the inspection, including measurements for specified components (e.g. tire tread depth); and, any warning lamps that are illuminated. Licensees or Technicians can create their own report provided it meets all the requirements set out in section 9.1 of Regulation 601.